Levels are increased in infection, leukaemia, some anaemias, thyroid disorders and cirrhosis. Levels are decreased in lack of copper in the diet, iron deficient anaemia, loss of caeruloplasmin, nephrosis and protein losing enteropathy.
Serum or heparin
Mineral profile, Pooled mineral profile
Irish Equine Centre, Johnstown, Naas, County Kildare, Ireland. Eircode: W91 RH93